City of Ayutthaya | Thailand | Province | Ayuthaya

The city of Ayutthaya

 

Thailand has numerous tourist attractions and Ayutthaya is one of them. Rather, Ayutthaya is among the top tourist highlights in Thailand where numerous ancient works of art and remains can be found. It used to be the capital of Thailand before Bangkok got the honor. As a capital, the city served the nation for 417 years and was known as Siam. King U-Thong founded the city of Ayutthaya in 1350 and until 1767; it served Ayutthaya the capital of Thailand. After Sukhothai, Ayutthaya became the second capital of “Siam” (today called Thailand). In 1767, the Burmese destroyed the city. The ruins of the city were used to develop the Ayutthaya historical park, which is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991. In India, there is a city called Ayodhya, which inspired the naming of Ayutthaya.

History

The city of Ayutthaya has a rich history associated with it. It was founded by King U-Thong, who was also known as Ramathibodi I. The year was 1350, when the Ramathibodi I founded the city and it began to flourish as a prolific city in terms of a trading and state affairs. 33 Kings of 5 Dynasties ruled the empire of Ayutthaya. It even became one of the wealthiest cities in Asia during that period that continued the smooth run for the initial 180 years. The wealthy period of Ayutthaya started to disappear gradually after the death of King Ramathibodi ll in 1529. War with MYANMAR (Burma) took place and then several wars followed one after the other. In 1569, Burmese defeated Ayutthaya for the first time, but after fifteen years, King Naresuan the Great won back the pride and retained peace yet again. This was the time when Ayutthaya again established itself in the foreign affairs and reached its peak. Around 1700, Ayutthaya was one of the largest city with a population of a million people. But, in 1767, the Burmese Army invaded burnt the city into ruins. King Taksin the Great shifted the capital to Thonburi and continued to rule for fifteen years. After that, King Rama the first came into power that moved the capital to Bangkok.

Location

The city is located around 50 miles or 76 kilometers north of Bangkok. It takes around one hour to reach Ayutthaya from Bangkok on an expressway. Therefore, the tourists get easy access to the city, which was once the capital of Thailand, or called “Ayutthaya Kingdom” at that time.

Population

The city was populated by 300,000 people during the period of 1600 and the number reached even 1,000,000 during 1700. That was the time when Ayutthaya was counted among the largest cities in the world. The population count has been reduced immensely and now Ayutthaya homes around 60,000.

Attractions

Traveling the inner city, you will find several attractions in Ayutthaya, mostly temples and ruins. We have some special 360 degrees pictures of several of these attractions in Ayutthaya:

Wat Phra Si Sanphet almost symbolizes Ayutthaya. This a temple with three gorgeous chedis shaped like bell.

Tourists can experience the Khmer style temple Wat Phra Ram, which was developed in the early days of the city.

Wat Ratburana, developed in 1424, have the ashes of the two elder brothers of the king who killed each other.

Wat Mahathat, constructed in the late 14th century, is home to several relics. Chao Sam Phraya National Museum, Ayutthaya Historical Study Centre, Khun Phaen’s Residence, Chanthrakasem or Front Palace and Elephant Kraal are among the other prominent attractions of the city.

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