Thailand

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Thailand is a wondrous kingdom, featuring Buddhist temples, exotic wildlife, and spectacular islands. Along with a fascinating history and a unique culture that includes delectable Thai food and massage, Thailand features a modern capital city, and friendly people who epitomize Thailand’s “land of smiles” reputation.

Thailand is a country on Southeast Asia’s Indochina peninsula known for tropical beaches, opulent royal palaces, ancient ruins and ornate temples displaying figures of Buddha, a revered symbol. In Bangkok, the capital, an ultramodern cityscape rises next to quiet canal and riverside communities. Commercial hubs such as Chinatown consist of labyrinthine alleys crammed with shophouses, markets and diners.

Geography
Thailand has a land area of 513,115 sq.km.(approx. 127,008 acres) bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West & North), Laos (North & East) and Cambodia (Southeast). The country’s east coast borders the Gulf of Thailand and the west coast abuts the Andaman Sea. The country is divided geographically into four main zones-the fertile central plains, dominated by the Chao Phraya River; the 300-metre-high northeast plateau, the kingdom’s most barren region ; the mountainous North; and the tropical southern peninsula.

Population
Total : 64,785,909
Male : 31,845,971
Female : 32,939,938

People
75% Thais, 11% Chinese, 3.5% Malays, and others are Mons, Khmers, Burmese, Laotians, Indians and a variety of hill tribes.

Climate
The temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C with the annual average at about 29°C. The humidity is from 66% to 82.8%.

 

Seasons
There are three seasons in Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand – hot (March to May), rainy (June to October), and cool (November to February). And there are two seasons in the South – rainy (April to November) and hot (December to March).
In the North and Northeast in winter, the temperatures are much lower during night time, especially on the mountains, with temperatures lower than 10°C.

Religion
Buddhists 94.2%, Muslims 4.6%, Christians 0.8%, others 0.4%.

 

 

Language
Thai is the national language. English is widely understood in Bangkok and big cities.

Government
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy headed by King Bhumibol Adulyadej or King Rama IX. The country comprises 77 provinces, each sub-divided into amphoe (district), tambon (subdistrict) and muban (village).

Capital
Bangkok

 

Water
Drink only bottled or boiled water.

Largest provinces
Nakhon Ratchasima 20,493 sq. km., Chiang Mai 20,107 sq. km., Kanchanaburi 19,483 sq. km.

Largest islands
Phuket 543 sq. km., Chang 429 sq. km., Samui 247 sq. km.

 

Highest peaks
Doi Inthanon 2,565 m., Doi Pha Hom Pok 2,285 m., Doi Chiang Dao
2,195 m.

Major agricultural exports
Rubber, sugar, rice.

Major manufactured exports
Computer and computer accessories, cars and spare parts, gems and jewellery, petroleum products, plastic resin, chemicals and integrated circuit.

Clothing
Light, cool clothes are highly recommended. Thin cotton is the best. A jacket or sweater may be necessary in the cool season, especially when you are in mountainous areas in the North or Northeast.

Electricity
220 volts 50 cycles throughout the country